All operations involve some degree of post-operative pain, swelling and on rare occasions, bleeding and infective complications, dental implant surgery is no different. The surgical protocol and medications prescribed are aimed at minimising these effects. Post-operative swelling usually subsides after 2-3 days. If swelling or pain should persist after the 3rd day, it is recommended that you contact us immediately.
In some people, the placement of implants may be followed by a very moderate amount of early bone loss around the implant neck. Rarely, if bone does not grow onto your implant(s) at all, the implant may need to be removed or grafted.
Growth of extra tissue
Gum tissue may build up around the top of the implant or its abutment where it protrudes through the gums. The area may be unsightly, tender and red, and may require reduction. Poor oral hygiene is the usual cause for this.
Loss or damage of the prosthesis
The prosthetic crown may chip or the abutment could become loose. The risk of this occurring varies with the demands placed on the prosthesis by the patient, and also with different designs of the prosthesis.
Perforation of the nasal or sinus lining
Although care is taken to avoid this problem, during surgery to the upper jaw, the sinus cavity can sometimes be perforated and this might result in some bleeding from the nose. This is usually self-limiting and does not cause any long term problems. On rare occasions the area above the implant can get infected if the implant protrudes into the sinus space.
Generally, we avoid placing implants close to nerves. Implants placement close to nerves can sometimes result in nerve damage during implant placement. This can cause numbness, or loss of sensation in the gums, cheeks, lips, chin, tongue and around the lower and upper jaws. If a nerve is injured it will usually heal. Sometimes this may take up to 18 months. In rare cases, the nerve may not heal completely and numbness, altered sensation or even discomfort could be permanent.
If you would like to arrange your initial consultation or you wish to understand more about dental implants, please contact us at our Mount Maunganui or Te Puke practice.