All operations involve some degree of post-operative pain, swelling and on rare occasions, bleeding and infection complications, dental implant surgery is no different. The surgical protocol and medications prescribed are aimed at minimising these effects. Post-operative swelling usually subsides after 2-3 days. If swelling or pain should persist after the 3rd day, it is recommended that you contact us.
The risk of complications from implant surgery is greatly reduced with accurate planning. At Tooth Fairy Dental we incorporate a 3D xray (CBCT), a digital scan of the jaw and 3D software to plan the exact location of the implant crown as well as the size, length and orientation of the implant screw. We then create a stent which we use during the surgery to ensure an accurate placement of the implant as planned.
In some people, the placement of dental implants may be followed by a very moderate amount of early bone loss around the implant neck. Rarely, if bone does not grow onto your implant(s) at all, the implant may need to be removed or grafted.
Growth of extra tissue
Gum tissue may build up around the top of the implant or its abutment where it protrudes through the gums. The area may be unsightly, tender and red, and may require reduction. Poor oral hygiene is the usual cause for this.
Loss or damage of the prosthesis
The prosthetic crown may chip or the abutment could become loose. The risk of this occurring varies with the demands placed on the prosthesis by the patient, and also with different designs of the prosthesis.
Perforation of the nasal or sinus lining
During surgery to the upper jaw, the sinus cavity can sometimes be perforated and this might result in some bleeding from the nose. This is usually self-limiting and does not cause any long term problems. On rare occasions the area above the implant can get infected if the implant protrudes into the sinus space.
Implant placement close to nerves can sometimes result in nerve damage during implant placement. This can cause numbness, or loss of sensation in the gums, cheeks, lips, chin, tongue and around the lower and upper jaws. If a nerve is injured it will usually heal. Sometimes this may take up to 18 months. In rare cases, the nerve may not heal completely and numbness, altered sensation or even discomfort could be permanent.
If you would like to arrange your initial consultation or you wish to understand more about dental implants, please contact us at our Mount Maunganui, Bethlehem or Te Puke practice.